THE ANGLIN FAMILY STORY
THE ANGLIN FAMILY STORY
The First Generation:
The Family's Irish Origins
The history of the Anglin family of County Cork, Ireland, has been reliably traced by family members to 1775, the year of the birth of Robert Anglin who married Sarah Welpley (also spelled Welply, Whelply, and Whelpley in some of the family literature) in 1800. Many of the far flung descendants in Canada and Australia of Robert and his three siblings, Samuel, Hester and James have made the trip to Ireland doing family research but there has been no success in confidently tracing ancestry beyond this family. Current research in Ireland1 indicates that there have been many variations in the spelling of Anglin in Ireland over the last 300 years. Some of these variations are: Anglim, Anglen, Anglon, Anglan, Angelin, Angling, Angollan, Angollen, Angolan, Angluinn, Hanglin, and O'Hanglin. As time goes on, further study and DNA testing may pull some of these surnames into an extended Anglin family.
There are some records2 which would suggest that the Anglins in Ireland may have arrived originally from France. The earliest record found is a description of a St. Anglin, an abbot of Stavelot, France (now in south eastern Belgium, near the border with Germany). A few paragraphs of information are available indicating that St. Anglin reigned for 44 years as abbot prior to his death in 746. However, no documentation has been discovered which confirms a French origin for the Anglin families of Ireland.
Word-of-mouth history suggests that the Anglins of Ireland descended from Huguenots who escaped from Paris and elsewhere in France to Southern Ireland after the massacre of St. Bartholemew in 1572, when thousands of them were imprisoned, tortured, used as slaves or murdered. After the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685 Huguenots were deprived of their last vestiges of civil and religious freedoms.
Some Huguenots went to the Channel Islands before moving on to Ireland. They were courageous and skilled craftsmen - - shoemakers and blacksmiths, as well as teachers, textile workers and farmers. Many Irish Protestants, especially the non-Anglicans, are descended from these Huguenots and it may be that this is the origin of the Irish Anglins, although no documented proof has been uncovered and research to date has found no traces of a migration of the Anglin surname from France to Ireland.
Currently in the USA there are four identifiable groups of Anglins who are trying to trace their ancestry and determine connections which may exist among them. To facilitate the research being done, there is an active research group of Anglins, who gather each October in Lebanon, TN, to exchange and update their information, searching for their ancestors and descendants throughout the United States. There is an informative, well-documented website3, created by Karen Parker, which traces the ancestry of her grandmother, Geneva Edna (Anglen) Parker (1895-1992), whose ancestry in the USA goes back six generations to Adrian Anglin (1697-1777).
This Anglin Research Group, in the early summer of 2006, established an Anglin-Anglen-Anglim-Angland Surname Y-DNA Project4 in which willing males (males because the DNA test is done on the Y-chromosome which is not present in females) with the Anglin surname (as direct descendants of an Anglin or Anglen ancestor) have the Y-chromosome of their DNA tested and the results compared to other test subjects to determine whether or not there are relationships among the subjects. The tests will not determine what the relationship is between any two subjects, only whether or not there is a relationship.
The testing done early in the Project indicates that there is a branch of the US Anglin family which is related to the Canadian Anglin family which has a documented descent from brothers Robert (born in 1775 in Ireland), Samuel (born in 1780 in Ireland), and James (birthdate unknown at this time). However, the related US Anglin family is descended from a William Anglin who was born about 1732 or 1733 in Hanover County, Virginia and died in 1803 in Caswell County, North Carolina. These dates would make it appear that he preceded Robert and Samuel by at least one generation, and perhaps two. The connection established by the testing results from the two families indicates that William's ancestors' country of origin may have been Ireland, but no proof of this is yet available. Additional testing of other subjects may, in the future, clarify the connections but, at this point, we have only an indication of a relationship followed by an assumption, because of the documented Irish origin of Robert, Samuel and James, that the country of origin for the US families was also Ireland.
Late in 2006 two Roman Catholic Anglin males from Ireland volunteered to participate in the DNA testing project. Their results indicated that they, too, have common ancestors with the related Protestant families in Canada and the USA.
Currently in Canada there is another Anglin family, with ancestors from the Maritimes who were originally from Ireland, which is Roman Catholic. No concrete tie has been established between this branch and the protestant Anglins whose descendants are in Ontario and Australia but there is little doubt that, at some point in their past, there were common ancestors for the two groups. To date, efforts to track down this connection have frustrated all those who have tried. Hopefully, at least one of the Anglin male descendants of this group will volunteer to participate in the Anglin-Anglen-Anglim-Angland Surname Y-DNA Project, with a view to trying to identify relationships.
A long letter5 outlines the extensive efforts made by Chief Justice Anglin (15416) and his daughter during the summer of 1961 to trace the family's roots back beyond Robert, born in 1775, and his wife Sarah Welpley, whom he married in 1800.
The following quotes from the Chief Justice's letter will serve to outline the difficulties encountered in trying to trace the family back beyond the parents of the five who came to Canada in the mid-nineteenth century.
"It is very difficult making such a search now in Ireland for most old records deposited in Dublin were burned during the 'trouble' of 1920 to 1922. On such evidence as we did find ... I would doubt that any Anglin ever lived in Bandon, but I cannot prove that he did not. ... it is interesting that the Roman Catholic Anglins in Canada stem from the Honourable Timothy Warren Anglin who came to Canada in 1849 from Clonakilty on the coast 14 miles southwest from Bandon. His son, the Honourable Francis A. Anglin, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, once stated to my father quite emphatically that 'there was no relationship whatever between us'. I doubt this for the family resemblances I could cite are very definite. ... the Genealogical Office in Dublin Castle did an extensive search for me and found indexed marriage license bonds and wills for Anglins back to 1681 for County Cork, but the documents themselves were burned at the time of the 'trouble' so no relationship to Robert can be traced."
The reference above to "the 'trouble' of 1920 to 1922" is expanded upon in a genealogy website7 which indicates that,
"The Four Courts building in Dublin housed the public records of Ireland. But in June of 1922 it was the scene of a battle between Free State forces and Republican Irregulars who had made the Four Courts their headquarters. The Free State bombardment set the building on fire midday on 30 June, and shortly thereafter a land mine exploded, fire spread, and the conflagration destroyed the building. Documents were found in the River Liffey, three miles away."
Within the Roman Catholic branch of the family, [whose members are not included in this alphabetic listing and family tree], is the Honorable Timothy Warren Anglin (1822-1896) of Clonakilty, County Cork, Ireland, whose parents were Francis Anglin, an officer of the East India Company, and Joanne Warren (daughter of Timothy Warren) of Clonakilty, and whose great grandfather was Francis H. Anglin (1736-1793). In 1853 Timothy Warren Anglin married Margaret Ryan and then, following her death, married Ellen MacTavish in 1862. There is an on-line site8, developed and maintained by Frank LeVay, a great-grandson of Timothy Warren Anglin, that gives a history, surname list, index, and tree of the descendants of Francis H. Anglin.
The opening chapter of the book, "Margaret Anglin, A Stage Life" 9 by John LeVay, brother of Frank, indicates the following:
Timothy Warren Anglin
1822 - 1896
"Timothy Warren Anglin was born 31 August 1822 in County Cork, Ireland, the son of Francis Anglin, a substantial landlord in the village of Clonakilty, and an officer in the civil service of the East India Company. His paternal grandfather, Jeremiah Anglin, a contractor, was the builder of a substantial part of that village and owner of a housing estate called 'Myrtle Grove,' which he bequeathed to his heirs. ...
"... By 1849 the famine of four years' continuance had rendered Ireland a virtual wasteland, and so, after granting freehold status to all of his tenants, on Easter Monday of that year Anglin embarked for Canada.
"His quick establishment of himself as a solid citizen in the country of his adoption, in spite of the social handicaps of his race and religion, is a tribute to his strength of will and spirit. Three months after settling in Saint John, N.B. he became editor (and subsequently owner) of the newspaper The Saint John Freeman. Twelve years after his arrival he was elected to the parliament of the crown colony of New Brunswick. He served in the government for five years, was elevated to ministerial rank, led the anti-Confederation faction, and was (in 1866) defeated on that issue. A year later, however, having accepted the fact of Confederation, he was elected to the federal parliament of Canada, in which he served for fifteen years (1867-82) and was for five years (1874-79) Speaker of the House of Commons10. Upon the loss of his seat in parliament in July of 1882 he returned to the newspaper business in Toronto as editor of The Tribune and editorial writer for The Globe."
An article in The Globe and Mail 11 gives an additional perspective to his time in the House of Commons:
"Mr Anglin, a fiery newspaper editor, served as speaker from 1874 to 1878 after his nomination by Liberal prime minister Alexander Mackenzie.
"The nomination shocked Sir John A. Macdonald, then opposition leader, because Mr Anglin refused to resign as editor of his highly partisan paper, The Freeman. As speaker, Mr Anglin argued with members or used his rulings on points of order to enter debate on controversial issues.
"His partisanship made him unpopular, but a patronage scandal was his ultimate undoing. Governments of the day funneled Post Office printing contracts to newspapers that supported their parties, and during 1874-75 The Freeman received $18,000 worth of the largesse.
"A Commons committee ruled that the privileges of the House had been violated. It forced Mr Anglin to resign the office and his seat, which he regained in a subsequent by-election.
"He continued to berate Opposition members in his editorials until his speakership and parliamentary career ended with the Conservative victory in 1878."
An entry in The Catholic Encyclopedia 12 of 1907 chronicles his background and newspaper and political contributions.
"Timothy Warren Anglin: Canadian journalist and member of Parliament, born in the town of Cloankilty (sic) County Cork, Ireland, 1822; died 3 May, 1896 in Canada. He was educated in the endowed school of his native corporation. His family was financially ruined in the famine of 1846-47 and he emigrated to the city of Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1849. He was gifted as a public speaker, but made his mark as the most vigorous writer on the Catholic press in the province. He founded The Weekly Freeman and subsequently The Morning Freeman (1851). On the question of the total prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquors, although a strong advocate of temperance, he separated himself from his political friends and fought the measure which he considered too drastic and unworkable. The measure was carried by the legislature of New Brunswick, but was repealed at its next session. In 1860 Mr. Anglin was returned as representative of the city and county of Saint John, a constituency from which no Catholic had ever been elected. When the scheme of confederation of the British North American provinces was mooted, he took a prominent part in the opposition, because he did not believe, as was asserted, that the proposed union of the provinces was necessary for the continuance of their connection with the empire, and because he was convinced it must cause an enormous increase in the rate of taxation in New Brunswick. Just at this time a small body of men calling themselves Fenians appeared on the border of the province and threatened an invasion. Dr. D. B. Killam, their leader, issued a proclamation inviting the anti-confederates to join with them, overthrow British tyranny, and maintain the legislative independence of the province. The anti-confederates were in no way responsible for Dr. Killam's invasion or proclamation, which had the effect, however, of raising a no-popery cry, and of driving Mr. Anglin from public life for a few years. When Canadian confederation became an accomplished fact, Mr. Anglin was chosen Speaker of the House of Commons, a position he held from 26 May, 1874, until 31 May, 1877. No one lent more dignity to the high position of first commoner of Canada and his rulings were never questioned, so strict his impartiality.
"Mr. Anglin was a Canadian statesman of eminence, but he deserves a place in history more particularly as an able, fearless and indefatigable journalist, doing battle for the cause of Catholic education. In New Brunswick the issue of the greatest importance was the anti-separate school legislation. During many years Mr. Anglin, through the columns of The Freeman and on the floor of the House of Commons, fought a valiant battle for his co-religionists. His efforts, and the exertion of those who laboured with him were so far successful that in the greater part of the province a compromise was made, which allows Catholics to have their own schools and teachers, and to give religious instruction before and after school hours. This was far from being all he would wish, but it is much better than the utterly anti-catholic, irreligious system at first insisted upon by the promoters of the law. Mr. Anglin joined the editorial staff of The Toronto Globe in 1883, and was editor-in-chief of The Toronto Tribune, a Catholic weekly. He died at the age of seventy-four."
His portrait is hanging in the parliament buildings in Ottawa. In 1883 he became editor of The Tribune in Toronto, where he died on May 3, 1896.
His son, Francis Alexander Anglin (1865-1933), married to Hariett Isabell Fraser, was Chief Justice of Canada from 1924 to 1933. The website13 of the Supreme Court of Canada gives the following information about Chief Justice Anglin:
Francis Alexander Anglin
1876 - 1933
enlarge"Francis Alexander Anglin was born in Saint John, New Brunswick, on April 2, 1865. He was the son of Timothy Warren Anglin and Ellen McTavish. After graduating from College Sainte-Marie in Montreal, he attended the University of Ottawa, from which he obtained a B.A. in 1887. He enrolled as a law student with the Law Society of Upper Canada and was called to the bar in 1888. He established his practice in Toronto, eventually founding the law firm of Anglin & Mallon. In 1896 he became Clerk of the Surrogate Court of Ontario. His publications included Limitations of Actions against Trustees and Relief from Liability for Technical Breaches of Trust. He was appointed to the Exchequer Division of the High Court of Justice of Ontario in 1904 and to the Supreme Court of Canada on February 23, 1909. On September 16, 1924, he became Chief Justice of Canada. He served on the Supreme Court for 24 years, retiring on February 28, 1933. Chief Justice Anglin died two days after his retirement, on March 2, 1933, at the age of 67."
His [Timothy Warren Anglin's] daughter was Margaret Anglin (1876-1958), the actress, famous in both North America and Australia. She was born in the residence of the Speaker of the House of Commons, the only child ever born there. Margaret married Howard Hull during the time she was studying at the Empire Dramatic School in New York City.
1876 - 1958
The opening chapter of LeVay's book14 continues,
"Mary Margaret was the seventh of Timothy and Ellen's ten children, and one may say a lucky seventh, though her name reprised the first names of her two earlier-born sisters who had died in infancy. Margaret, indeed, was to be blessed not only with prevailing good fortune but with extraordinary physical hardihood. She was always the liveliest of the Anglin children and seems to have been a born actor -- a fact that she imagined was mystically perceived by Oscar Wilde. Wilde was a guest of her father's in Ottawa in May 1882 when Mary Margaret was just past her sixth birthday, and forty years later she could still remember 'clearly' being 'held playfully up in the air by Oscar Wilde at a garden party' and that 'Oscar wore a happy smile and a brilliant sunflower in his buttonhole.'"
The Globe and Mail, in a six-column tribute to her in 197115 written by Herbert Whittaker, said, in part:
"Margaret Anglin came of fighting stock. Her father, Timothy Warren Anglin, was a speaker in the House of Commons. She studied at Loretto Abbey in Toronto and Sacred Heart in Montreal, and took elocution lessons here. Her golden voice and superb diction won her attention when she went to New York at 17, and her first role from Charles Frohman, at the Empire Theatre in Shenandoah in 1894. Her very last tour was as the dowager in Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine and she was warmly greeted by Toronto audiences at the Royal Alexandra. Among them was her brother, Francis, by then Chief Justice of Canada."
A 1961 letter16 from Mr Justice W.A.I. Anglin of St John, New Brunswick asks the Chief Herald in Dublin to research the Anglin family ancestors. The Chief Justice provided background information which, though lengthy, is worth quoting here.
"There are now in Canada three groups of Anglins who stem from three ancestors in Eire. It has been considered that these groups are related, but no one has ever established the connection, if any, between those three ancestors ... .
"FRANCIS H. ANGLIN, 1736-1793, of Clona-Kilty (sic), County Cork. His descendants in Canada are Roman Catholics. His grandson, Timothy Warren Anglin, came to Canada in 1848 and was Speaker of the House of Commons at Ottawa from 1874 to 1878. The latter's son, Francis Alexander Anglin, 1865-1933, was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada at the time of his death and once remarked to an uncle of mine that originally the Anglins of County Cork were all of the Roman Catholic faith and that the Protestant Anglins came from one who married a Protestant and changed his faith. On the other hand, I can recall my father telling me as a boy that a relative in Eire had written him that he had ascertained that the Protestant Anglins were Huguenots who fled from Paris in 1572 at the time of the massacre of St. Bartholomew. I know that there was a General Anglin commanding the French Army at the Battle of Verdun in World War I. Some of my relatives claim that there are tombstones in County Cork with O'Hanglin on them. The following two ancestors of the remaining groups and their descendants are Protestants.
"ROBERT ANGLIN, born in 1775 at Bandon, County Cork, married Sarah Welpley. ...
"WILLIAM ANGLIN, probably of Cork City, married Elizabeth Duke. She was born in 1808. ... "
The Family Tree, which is Section 2 of this book, shows William Anglin (23)17, referred to in the above letter, as a nephew of Robert (1), who was born in 1775. The connection between this family and that of the Roman Catholic descendants of Francis H. Anglin has still not been established. Both branches of the family have descendants in Canada and continued efforts are being made to establish a relationship.
Since the efforts by Justice W. A. I. Anglin in 1961 and 1963 it has been established that the protestant descendants in Canada and Australia originate with the family of four siblings Robert, Samuel, Hester and James, who were a devout Methodist family from the Bandon area of County Cork, Ireland, about 12 miles south of the city of Cork. Extensive records are included here of the descendants of Robert, Samuel and James. At this time, nothing is known which permits any historical anecdotes about James and his family or the inclusion of a list of Hester's descendants. Samuel was apparently the father of ten children but no records have been found to identify more than eight of them, and only some of the descendants of these eight are recorded. The Robert Anglin identified in the 1961 letter quoted earlier is the oldest of the 'original' four siblings and the William Anglin, who married Elizabeth Duke, was his nephew, the oldest child of his brother Samuel.
Robert Anglin's (12) marriage to Sally Hayes and their immediate sailing on June 22, 1829 for Canada marked the beginning of the exodus of four brothers and a sister of the second generation from the village of Bandon to Canada. It would appear from the timing of their departures that the potato famine of 1846, which lasted for several years, was not a factor in the emigration from Ireland to Canada of Robert in 1829, Samuel and Maryann in 1836, William in 1843, and John in 1863 following their mother's death. The potato blight resulting from a warm moist summer in 1846 and the accompanying typhus epidemic killed a million people in Ireland, and with the mass exodus to the New World halved Ireland's population by the end of the nineteenth century18.
A replica of the "Jeanie Johnston"19, which carried emigrants from Ireland to Canada
about 150 years ago, spent Labour Day weekend, 2003 on display in Halifax Harbour.
(from The Toronto Star, September 1, 2003.)
Travel for Irish immigrants to Canada in the mid-nineteenth century was a tremendous ordeal. A book20 on Canadian immigration, published by the Canadian Citizenship Branch of the Department of The Secretary of State in co-operation with the Centennial Commission in 1967, outlines some of the difficulties encountered by these trans-Atlantic travellers.
"In their desperate attempts to flee their famine-ravished homeland in the 1800's, the Irish like many other immigrants suffered great privations and hardships on their journey to Canada.
"The average passage to Quebec in the mid-1800's was forty-five days but some immigrants, whose ships were driven by contrary winds, barely survived a terrifying voyage of four months. Long passages usually saw the Irishman's treasured store of potatoes, stowed in sacks in the ship's hold, become damp and rotten. This meant the immigrants would have to purchase food at high prices from the captain and hundreds arrived penniless on the docks of Quebec. When potatoes became too expensive in the late 1840's, oatmeal and sea-biscuit, often mouldy, were the poor man's food.
"The 1830's and 40's saw severe outbreaks of typhoid fever, cholera and measles among the passengers. One Irishman, referring to the numerous burials at sea, said, 'it was nothing but splash, splash, all day long.' The worst plague years were 1846 and 1847, when crop failure, disease and famine in Ireland led to mass migration of the destitute. Restrictions on ships bound for Canadian ports were all but completely withdrawn.
"At Gros Ile, thirty-three miles east of Quebec city, a quarantine station was established in 1831 where vessels were inspected before being allowed to proceed up-river. A monument on the island commemorates the burial of 3,424 victims of typhus who 'flying from pestilence and famine in Ireland in 1847, found in America but a grave.'
"A Canadian Press dispatch in The Ottawa Journal, June 4, 1966, noted: 'The remains of 1,400 Irish immigrants buried in a common grave at the rear of Kingston General Hospital were moved and reinterred at St. Mary's cemetery yesterday. They died of a typhus epidemic shortly after their arrival in the mid 1800's. Workmen unearthed the remains to make room for hospital expansion.'
Plaque commemorating the Irish dead, in its
St Mary's cemetery location, Kingston
photo June 2003
"Thousands of Irish immigrants found that the trip inland to their place of settlement (and early diaries show that few had any notion where they would settle in the New World) cost as much in money and suffering as the Atlantic passage. It took the early immigrants from six to twelve laborious days in bateaux and Durham boats to work up the rapids from Montreal to Prescott before they embarked for such points as Kingston."
An article in The Kingston Whig Standard of January 8, 194921 recalling the typhus plague of 1848 says, in part:"At Montreal, those with a presumably clean bill of health, and desiring to do so, were permitted to continue further west. Passage was provided on barges and steam boats to Kingston, and so on by vessel to Toronto. But the trail of pestilence and death followed. At Kingston, the bodies of those who died on the last stretch of the river journey were unloaded on to the wharves for hasty removal and burial, while the sick were segregated in an effort to prevent further infection.
Angel of Mercy memorial, in its
St Mary's cemetery location, Kingston
photo June 2003
enlarge"Old people never ceased telling of the harrowing experiences of those days; how the rumbling death-cart passed through the streets laden with bodies. These were taken to the field south of the present site of the General Hospital, placed side by side in trenches, sprinkled plentifully with quicklime and covered up. A great mound stood there unmarked for many years -- the common grave of over 1200 victims. During the term of the late Archbishop Cleary he had erected, in 1894, the monument now marking this burial place."A website 22 of the Kingston Irish Famine Commemoration Association (KIFCA) gives some of the history of many of Kingston's ill-fated Irish immigrants.
"This huge mound consisting of several layers of Irish remains, each layer covered in lime, lay overgrown for nearly 50 years. An Angel of Mercy monument was placed at the mass grave site in 1894 by Archbishop Cleary, inscribed thus:'In memory of his afflicted Irish compatriots, nearly 1,400 in number, who, enfeebled by famine, in 1847-48, ventured across the ocean in unequipped sailing vessels, in whose fetid holds they inhaled the germs of the pestilential 'ship-fever' and on reaching Kingston, perished here, despite the assiduous attention and compassionate offices of the good citizens of Kingston. May the Heavenly Father give them eternal rest and happiness in reward of their patient suffering and Christian submission to His holy will, thorough the merits of His divine Son, Christ Jesus, our Lord. Amen.'
1998 cairn commemorating the Irish who died in Kingston from typhus in 1847-48 photos 2000
"Several thousand Irish, sick with typhus, were crammed into hastily erected fever sheds on waterfront land at Lower Emily St. (near Murney Tower in Macdonald Park) and at KGH. They had survived a perilous journey across the Atlantic in the hold of a coffin ship, survived the horrors of Grosse Ile, and endured the slow trip on an overcrowded barge only to die painfully in a Kingston fever shed. Hundreds of Kingstonians, of many denominations, stricken while helping the Irish immigrants in their hour of need, also died of typhus."
In 1998 the KIFCA erected the monument shown here in An Gorta Mor (The Great Hunger) Park in Kingston, on the Ontario Street site of the fever sheds, to commemorate the many immigrants and health workers who died during the typhus epidemic.
1. Extensive research into the Irish origins and history of the Anglin surname has been done by Aidan Anglin of Ireland. His report on his study is accessible at: O'hANGLUINN: The Surname 'Anglin'.
2. Biographie Nationale Vol Q. Published by the Academy of Royal Sciences, Literature, and Fine Art of Belgium. Bruxelles, H. Thiry - van Buggenhoudt, Printer, edition 1866. HH.BC B615. U. of T. library.
3. Reference website: Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment gives some of the history of Adrian Anglin and his descendants in the United States.
4. Reference website: Anglin-Anglen-Anglim-Angland Surname Y-DNA Project describes the Project and presents the current results.
5. A copy, dated July 26, 1963, from Mr. Justice W. A. I. Anglin (1541), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, to Harold Anglin (12771), is in the possession of Bill Anglin (123323).
6. For an explanation of the coding system used throughout this document to identify individuals in the family, see: the introductory Anglin Family Tree page.
7. Reference website: Results of Fire and Famine: Census Records in Ireland 1813-1911.
8. Reference website: ANGLIN FAMILY: NEW BRUNSWICK & ONTARIO, on Genealogy.com, prepared and maintained by Frank LeVay of Gravenhurst, Ontario, a great grandson of Timothy Warren Anglin.
9. pps 19-20, Margaret Anglin, A Stage Life, John LeVay, Toronto, Simon & Pierre, 1989.
A more extensive biography of Timothy Warren Anglin can be found on the website of the Library and Archives Canada, in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, which uses as its source the book by William M. Baker, Timothy Warren Anglin, 1822-96: Irish Catholic Canadian (University of Toronto Press, 1977, ISBN 0802053688)
10. List of the Speakers of The Canadian House of Commons from the Reference website: Speakers of the Canadian House of Commons.
11. The Globe and Mail, Sept 29, 1986.
12. The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907, by the Encyclopedia Press, Inc. Electronic version, 1997 by New Advent, Inc. Reference website: The Catholic Encyclopedia
A second website reference for Timothy Warren Anglin is available at God's Unfortunate People: Historiography of Irish Catholics in Nineteenth Century Canada by William M. Baker
13. Reference website: The Supreme Court of Canada.
14. pp 20, Margaret Anglin, A Stage Life, John LeVay, Toronto, Simon & Pierre, 1989.
15. The Globe and Mail, July 31, 1971.
16. A file copy, dated May 29, 1961 from Mr. Justice W. A. I. Anglin (1541), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, to the Chief Herald of the Genealogical Office in Dublin, Eire, is in the possession of Bill Anglin.
17. The coding system used throughout this document is explained on the introductory TREE page.
18. pg 302, Planet Under Stress; Constance Mungall and Digby J McLaren, editors; The Royal Society of Canada, 1990.
19. Reference website: JEANIE JOHNSTON: the proud 19th century Irish emigrant ship
20. pps 179-180, The Canadian Family Tree, prepared by: Canadian Citizenship Branch, Department of The Secretary of State and published in co-operation with the Centennial Commission, Ottawa, 1967.
21. The Kingston Whig Standard, "1,200 Died of Plague Which Hit City in 1847", January 8, 1949.
22. Reference website: The Kingston Irish Famine Commemoration Association (KIFCA)