The Second Generation:

The Canadian Contingent

After Robert, Samuel, Maryann and William left Ireland for Canada their mother, whose maiden name was Welpley, went to live with her oldest child, John (11), who on December 2, 1836, married Sally Duke. John, the father of a family of nine children, all born in Ireland, was, in 1863, the last of the five siblings to come to Canada. At that time he came with two of his children, William (112) and Lizzie (114), having been preceded three years earlier by his son, Robert Duke (111). John did not come to Canada until after his widowed mother had died. John's wife, Sally, and the rest of the family sailed from Ireland six years later, in 1869, and reached Cape Vincent, New York. Here their funds gave out and John's son, Robert Duke (111), who had come to Canada in 1860, three years before his father, went across Lake Ontario to the Cape and brought them back to the farm at Pine Grove, where John (11) was now settled. This farm belonged to John's nephew, Robert (123), who had been born in Canada in 1836. After clearing the timber from the property he had decided against living there. John (11) lived for a time with his daughter, Elizabeth, in the log house on Robert's farm while they continued farming the land. In 1869, after the arrival in Canada of his wife and the remainder of his family, they set to work to improve the farm. In it, in later years, it was a common sight to see his wife Sally making tallow candles or spinning yarn at the spinning wheel.

Robert Anglin (12) 1806 - 1874

Robert (12), "THE PIONEER" son of Robert Anglin (1), with his bride, Sara (Sally) Hayes, set sail from Cork, Ireland, for Canada on their wedding day, June 22, 1829. It must have taken tremendous courage for these young people to leave their family and their native country to found a home in a distant land.

Sally (Hayes) Anglin 1802 - 1882

A voyage across the Atlantic at that time was a perilous undertaking, as there were no steamships and it took six weeks to cross in a sailing vessel. After a tedious journey, they landed at Quebec and proceeded up the St. Lawrence River on a sailing barge which had to be towed up the rapids and through the canals by horses or by the crew and male passengers, walking along the banks with a yoke over their shoulders and tow ropes attached to their barge.

An 1841 letter1 from Dublin to Robert from his youngest brother, William, says, in part,

"My Dear Brother I fully anticipated that you would meet with some difficulties, to your coming Home this Season but I earnestly hope you will be enabled to Surmount all of them, it necessarily must follow that you who have laid out so much 'Money in Buildings' must feel some pressure from that Quarter, but by your doing as you purpose to do you may be able to accomplish that desireable object and to owe no man anything but Love, ... Do not think from this letter that I desire you should come cost what it may next spring, however anxious I am to see you - yet I would not wish for you to do things not practakable - in order to gratify me, far be that from me. The Lord direct you -- forever."

Arriving in Kingston they settled there and Robert engaged in a shoe-making business (a cordwainer). For several years he was elected as a councillor and, when Kingston was made a city in 1846, he was elected a councillor for Cataraqui ward, and afterwards an alderman. With Mayor Kirkpatrick, (Mayor of the Town of Kingston in 1838 and Mayor of the City of Kingston in 1847), and Councillor James Baker, he formed the Board of Health for the city of Kingston, which, during the outbreak of cholera among the Irish immigrants in 1847, did much to relieve the sufferings of these strangers. An estimated 1400 died and were buried in a mass grave on the Kingston General Hospital grounds, and over this mound Archbishop Cleary erected a memorial.

A letter2 from Robert M. Sinclair (127731), dated May 12, 1993, to Ms Anne Kershaw, then Editor of the Editorial Page of The Kingston Whig Standard, gives some of the history of Robert Anglin's connections with the Council and Sir John A. Macdonald.

"Spring, 1993 marks the 150th Anniversary of the beginning of one of the most important political careers of Kingston and Canada. This was the first venture into politics of Sir John A. Macdonald. No doubt your fine newspaper has already chronicled this occasion. If not, may I take the liberty of recalling the event.

Sir John A. Macdonald

"Macdonald's first foray into elective politics was for a seat with the Kingston Town Council.

"The Kingston of 1843 was undergoing a growth spurt as a result of becoming the capital of the United Province of Canada in 1841. Kingston's new prosperity was witnessed by the near doubling of its population in two years. However, with the growing influence of the French Canadians in the provincial government, there were fears that the capital seat would be moved to Montreal. The Town Council, under Mayor John Counter, began construction of a new Town Hall which included space which was sufficiently ample to accommodate not only Council's needs, but also the provincial legislature, which was occupying temporary space in an old four-storey limestone building originally built as a hospital. By this measure, Kingston's municipal politicians hoped to retain for Kingston the seat of government for Canada and the town's economic prosperity.

"The seats on Council for the Fourth Ward, then the most populous ward, encompassing parts of what were later Cataraqui and St. Lawrence Wards, had become vacant. A by-election was called for March 28, 1843. Macdonald ran as Alderman. He was 28, practising law from offices then located on Store (now, Princess) Street, and was a prominent member of the Protestant Scots community, newly-elected president of the St. Andrew's Society, a member of the Orange Lodge and a Presbyterian. In Kingston, Macdonald had served articles of clerkship (student-at-law) beginning in 1830, and had practised there since being admitted to the Bar in 1836.

"Robert Anglin, 36, his running mate, was seeking the position of Common Councilman. He complemented the Protestant ticket, being also an Orangeman, a Methodist Irishman and prominent businessman then operating a large boot and shoe store and a shoemaking business, with his brothers Samuel and William. He had immigrated from Bandon, County Cork, Ireland to Kingston with his wife, Sara (Sally) Hayes, setting sail on their wedding day, June 22, 1829.

"Their opponents were two older gentleman, a Captain Jackson who faced Macdonald and a R. M. Rose who faced Anglin. The Macdonald-Anglin ticket was popular, and even received the endorsement of your predecessor, The British Whig, which said that the electors of the Ward would never have cause to regret choosing Macdonald and Anglin. The election was keen and excited much interest, with the issue becoming one of youth versus age. Many young people supported the Macdonald-Anglin ticket.

"The election campaign was not only keen, but fierce, according to one of Macdonald's early biographers, J. E. Collins, in Life and Times of The Right Honourable Sir John A. Macdonald. At every tavern, one could find crowds of persons drunk and fighting. Collins quotes a witness as saying that Jackson and Rose had all the noisy and drunken Irishmen in the town on their side. As Collins' informant was passing by one booth in a tavern, he happened to hear a ruffian of a fellow, one Sullivan, plotting with a crowd of his own description to go in and prevent Macdonald from speaking, and 'go through' his supporters. Evidently, Sullivan was quieted as Macdonald's speech went ahead without disruption.

"The by-election result was clear, with Macdonald-Anglin receiving 156 votes and Jackson-Rose 93. According to E. M. Biggar, in Anecdotal Life of Sir John A Macdonald, and Donald Creighton, in John A. Macdonald - The Young Politician, relying on the newspapers of the day, including The British Whig, their young supporters were so pleased with the result that they built a wooden platform in the Market. Macdonald and Anglin boarded it, as their supporters hoisted it on their shoulders and began to carry the pair around in triumph. However, the result was soon a capsize. The slush was deep on the ground and as Macdonald brushed off his coat, he was heard to remark:

" 'Isn't it strange I should have a downfall so soon.'

"The crowd cheered, not for the last time.

"Macdonald resigned his Council seat a year later and was successfully returned as Member for the Legislature.

"So began the political career of Canada's first Prime Minister in Kingston 150 years ago.

"Anglin remained a councillor for Ward 4, and later for Cataraqui Ward, and served as alderman for several years. Anglin was very witty and even became known as the 'Prime Minister' because he generally had a large following. On one occasion in Council, a well-known Scot arose in the chamber and suggested that a certain report be tabled for two weeks so that it could be given further thought. Instantly, Anglin was on his feet, claiming that it would be an outrage to make 20 Irishmen wait two weeks for a Scot to make up his mind. (The British Whig, 8 January, 1887). Later, he moved to Brewer's Mills.

"Two of Anglin's sons, Samuel and William, formed in 1865 a sawmilling business at Battersea, and then moved to Kingston where they began a lumber and coal business at Bay and Wellington Streets. This company has carried on business in the name of S. Anglin Co. Ltd. for over a century. Latterly, it relocated its head office to Counter Street where it continues to operate a fuel oil and energy centre business, under the direction of a number of Anglin's descendants. Anglin's son, Samuel, was first elected Alderman for Cataraqui Ward in 1886. One of Samuel's sons, Charles, who also served as the company's president until the 1960's, in turn served 9 years as Alderman for that Ward, beginning in 1919. One of Charles' daughters, Eileen M. Sinclair, remains very active in voluntary community affairs in Kingston and recently served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of S. Anglin Co. Ltd. One of Charles' grandsons, Ronald Anglin, is its President and General Manager.

"While Macdonald had no surviving lineal descendants, his original running mate, Robert Anglin, The Pioneer of the Anglin Family, and his immigrant brothers, John, Samuel, Mary Ann, and William, count several thousand descendants through seven generations in Canada. Those who remained in Kingston and surrounding area have contributed in a lasting way to its business, educational, professional and social life."

Kingston City Hall
photo, 1999


When, in 1972, Kingston's city hall was being completely renovated, an historic medallion was uncovered during the work. The eight inch diameter silver medallion, now prominently displayed in a second floor showcase in city hall, was struck to commemorate the laying of the building's corner stone in 1843 by the Right Honorable Sir Charles Metcalfe, Governor General of British North America. Named on the medallion, in addition to the Governor General, are the city's first mayor, John Counter; aldermen Henry Benson, Edward Noble, Joseph Thirkell, and John A. Macdonald; and common councilmen Samuel Phippen, John G. Greer, John Shaw and Robert Anglin. The medallion may have been lost prior to the ceremony because no mention is made of it in the news reports of the day, and there is nothing engraved in the spaces on it for the day and month of the ceremony. The spaces are blank, with only the year, 1843, engraved on the surface. The actual dedication was originally planned for May 24, 1843, but was delayed until June 5 because of the death, in Kingston on May 18, of Sir Charles Bagot, Governor General.

"The corner stone was laid by the then Governor-General, Sir Charles Metcalfe, and it is recorded as being one of the greatest days in the history of old Kingston, participated in by municipal and other officials, Imperial troops and Frontenac dragoons, all societies and lodges, fire companies, police and other organizations. Following the stone laying there was a procession about the business section of the Town, and in the evening a banquet and great jubilation at the British American hotel."3 [on the south east corner of King and Clarence streets, now the site of the Sheraton Hotel, built in 1999]

Kingston's city hall is described in The 1996 Canadian Encyclopedia Plus 4.

"Kingston City Hall and market was begun in 1842, a year after Kingston had been named capital of the Province of Canada. Designed by George Browne, Sr, one of Canada's leading architects of the 19th century, it was an ambitious plan for the period. All civic offices - the town hall, municipal offices, post office, custom house, police station, market hall and mechanics' institute - were to be housed in one massive complex. Its heroic scale would have dwarfed all surrounding buildings and reflected the pride of the city fathers in the new status and future growth of their city. Though the capital was moved in 1843, the building was completed the following year. The city hall and market was Browne's most important commission and the design, with its dome and monumental portico which dominated the main facade, represented a superb example of civic architecture in a neoclassical style."

An article 5 by Julie Ewart in The Kingston Whig Standard on November 3, 2006 gives some of Kingston City Hall's history:

"The view from the ramparts of Fort Henry after dark is breathtaking: the beautiful sight of Kingston's waterfront all aglow and taking centre stage, and that magnificent architectural beauty, City Hall . . .

" . . . Not many cities of Kingston's size can boast of having such an architectural beauty as City Hall. The architect was George Brown, who is also responsible for many of our old beautiful stone edifices in Kingston. City Hall was built between 1843 and 1844, and was slated to house the parliament of the amalgamated Upper Canada and Lower Canada. The union of the Canadas had taken place on Feb. 10, 1841, with Kingston scheduled to be its capital.

"In 1838, with a grant of 3,000 pounds from the legislature, the building that now houses Kingston General Hospital was completed, and it was used as the legislature for the United Canadas from 1841 until 1843.

"On Nov. 2 of that year, the House of Assembly advised the Crown to remove the seat of government to Montreal. Kingstonians were in a panic, and 16,000 signed a petition opposing the move. It was hastily taken to London, England, in the hope that it would get Her Majesty's support. The delegation did not even get an audience with the Queen, and on May 10, 1843, Kingston ceased to be the capital of Canada . . .

" . . . But what was not appreciated then was that if Kingston had not been the capital, for even that brief time, it would not have had many of its beautiful buildings, streets and street improvements that took place, such as a drainage system and sidewalks; and, above all, that beautiful city hall."

The Kingston home, on Johnson Street across from St George's Cathedral, of Robert and Sally must have been a substantial one as their children have passed on stories of elaborate entertaining of the city councillors with the tables ornamented and lighted with tall spreading candelabra. These and the many articles of impressive furniture that later graced the homes of their children may have been brought over from Ireland by the bridal couple.

Later the family moved to Brewer's Mills, settling in a large house on the mill stream. Meanwhile other members of the family arrived, Samuel (13) coming in 1836 and joining his brother in the shoe business.

Robert George Anglin (1907-1978), Robert Forth Anglin (b1932), Robert Craig Anglin (b1965) and Robert Woods Anglin (1876-1968)


It is interesting to note that, beginning with Robert's son, Robert (123), the oldest son in each succeeding generation has been named Robert, right down to Robert Craig Anglin (1233224), in the seventh generation. There have been seven consecutive generations in which Robert Anglin has named a son Robert Anglin, in addition to all the Roberts within other branches of the family. With the arrival on October 6, 2004 of ROBERT JOSEPH ANGLIN (12332242), the son of Robert Craig Anglin from this 1967 photo, there are now eight consecutive generations in which a Robert Anglin has named a son Robert Anglin.

An 1843 letter6 from Robert Waterman to his brother-in-law, Robert (12), indicates that,

"I saw The Kingston Chronicle and Gazette of the 25th of February [1843] the day previous to your letter being dated and saw your Card and copied it and read it to Maryann. I hope you may succeed in being returned as councilman. ... Maryann is near her confinement, therefore if we come on it will have to be very soon or else we wont be able to come before June or July but she prefers to come on immediately if the navigation opens and I can raise money enough which I fear will be a difficult job as the winter has been very hard and business dull but I will try and raise all I can."

Later in the same letter he says,

"I should judge that the market and Town Hall will be a great acquisition to Kingston from the loan procured for building it. I hope the seat of Government will remain there as it will be of great advantage to the place. Maryann joins me in sending her love to Sally, Samuel and the rest of the Family."

When Robert moved to Brewer's Mills, the nearest protestant church was at Seeley's Bay and every Sunday the children were driven to church in a dump cart pulled by a pony, the first pony in the neighborhood. Soon there was another at Mr. Thomas Murphy's, whose son, Lawrence (Larry) Murphy, was a cheese buyer and grocer in Kingston. Later, Methodist services were held in a log school house on the farm owned by William G. Anglin (1136), grandson of John (11), and then in a frame building erected by one of the pioneer ministers, Rev. Thompson. In 1874, the year that Robert died at Brewer's Mills, this church was replaced by a better frame church through the influence of his son Robert (123) and other Anglins. The Rev. William S. McCullough was superintendent at the time. Both these buildings were on John Anglin's farm.

It is interesting to note that Robert Anglin's (123) nephew, Robert Whelpley Anglin (1244), later married Rev. McCullough's niece Juanita Chambers, and also that William Anglin's (15) wife, Mary Gardiner, trimmed the desk of this new church with red velvet and tassels. The first Presbyterian services were held in Robert Anglin's barn. Here his wife, not having the token, was refused the sacrament.

The home at Brewer's Mills was always open. The Kingston Anglins drove there on Christmas Eve and for a few days enjoyed the family's hospitality. The door and fire place in the kitchen were so large that at yuletide a log was driven by a horse into the room and placed on the fire where there were a spit and oven which were so common then.

Amy (Williams) Cook (1252)7 recalls visits, as a little girl, to this home.

Brewer's Mills home

"The old fashioned front door had glass panels on either side, and at the top a half circle of glass. There was a dark hall to the right of which was a sitting room where Grandma lived most of the time. She had rheumatism and was confined to a wheel chair most of the day. At night the two aunts, Sarah [121] and Mary [128], helped her into bed in the left corner of the room. Directly out of this room was a large dining room and kitchen with a large old fashioned sideboard. Grandma always wore a small black lace headdress by day, a dark cloth dress, full skirt and plain waist, but a white cap at night. The aunts sat on either side of a cheerful fire and read bible stories to me as I sat on a stool between them, while Grandma listened. Then prayer followed while I knelt at my little stool, hands over eyes, and usually fell asleep. One of the aunts would lift me and lead me off to bed. To the left of the hall at the rear was the parlor, always kept dark except as light shone through the open door. The parlor furniture was upholstered in hair cloth and there was a charming what-not in the corner on which were small antique china pieces and two little sideboards. Bertha [1251] called one of them hers and I claimed the other. After Grandma died, Lettie sent them to us. A large bedroom upstairs had two windows facing the Rideau and the bed had a large feather mattress that almost swallowed me up."

Archbishop Gauthier, then stationed at Gananoque, came to Brewer's Mills every third Sunday to conduct services in the Catholic Church. As there were few nearby homes among his parishioners, he spent the weekends at Robert Anglin's, mostly, and at Thomas Murphy's home some distance from the church.

During these early pioneer days, stamps had not come into use. Mail left Ireland only twice a month and it took over six months to receive an answer. William (15), in a letter8 written in February, 1838, from Ireland to his brother, Robert, in Canada, urged him to come home. This trip never did materialize. William said,

"Another reason why I have not written is the very disturbed state of your country ... you cannot imagine what joy it gave me to hear that the Rebels are in a great measure defeated. Our accounts up to the latter end of December state that the Rebels at Grand Brule and St Eustache were completely foiled and that McKenzie, one of the chief Rebels, had fled to an island near to the United States, and that several of the leaders were taken prisoners and executed. We also heard that McKenzie took the City of Toronto in the Upper Province but had to fly from it. I was glad to know from the papers that they did not get up to Kingston, and I hope that you in that city do still enjoy peace. We were glad to hear the stand the Protestants have made with the Army against them. Things may be worse than we know with you but do hope that our next account will bring us satisfactory news. A good deal of the Army sailed from England and Ireland for America and do hope they have safely arrived before this date."

An entry in The 1996 Canadian Encyclopedia Plus9 provides some historical background information for William's reference to "the very disturbed state of your country".

"William Lyon Mackenzie [grandfather of William Lyon Mackenzie King], journalist, politician (born at Dundee, Scotland 12 Mar 1795; died at Toronto 28 Aug 1861), MLA, first mayor of Toronto and a leader of the Rebellions of 1837, was a central figure in pre-Confederation political life. He arrived in Upper Canada in 1820 and, after a few years in business at Dundas, moved to Queenston. In May 1824 he published the first issue of The Colonial Advocate, which immediately became a leading voice of the new Reform movement.

"To be closer to the provincial Parliament, Mackenzie moved his operation to York [Toronto] in the fall of 1824. His forthright and forceful manner together with his ardent denunciation of the Family Compact contributed much to his popularity, and in 1828 he was easily elected to the House of Assembly for York County. In 1832 he visited England to present his political supporters' grievances before the imperial government. The sympathetic hearing he received outraged Upper Canadian conservatives. Moreover, Mackenzie's venomous attacks on the local oligarchy brought reprisals in the form of libel suits, threats and physical assaults, as well as an attack on his printing office, which left his press wrecked and the type thrown into the lake.

"The diminutive Scot's scathing attacks on his opponents also led to his repeated expulsion from the Assembly, although he was continually re-elected by his rural constituents. In 1834, when the Reformers won a majority on the newly created Toronto City Council, he was elected its first mayor. At the end of 1834, he was elected to the provincial Parliament again. However, he was defeated at the polls in 1836, and in Dec 1837 an embittered Mackenzie turned his mind to armed revolt. On Dec 6, convinced that he would gain spontaneous support, he led an erratic expedition down Yonge St towards Toronto, seemingly more intent on damaging the property of Tory supporters than taking control of the government. As the force neared Toronto it was dispersed by a few shots from loyalist guards. On Dec 7 loyalists marched north to Montgomery's Tavern and easily defeated the rebels. Mackenzie fled to the US and tried to muster a new scheme from Navy Island in the Niagara River. Canadian militia bombarded the island and sank the rebel supply ship 'Caroline'. Mackenzie moved to New York where he founded 'Mackenzie's Gazette'. However, he was convicted of violation of the US neutrality laws and imprisoned for a year, falling ill and deeper in debt. He spent the next 10 years in the US, eventually finding employment as a correspondent for The New York Daily Tribune.

"During exile he wrote several books, including The Sons of the Emerald Isle (1844), The Lives and Opinions of Benjamin Franklin Butler and Jesse Hoyt (1845) and The Life and Times of Martin Van Buren (1846). Mackenzie returned to Canada in 1849 following a government pardon. Undaunted, he quickly resumed both his journalistic and his political careers, serving with characteristic energy as MLA for Haldimand until retirement in 1857 and occasionally publishing a political squib usually entitled 'Mackenzie's Weekly Message'. The fiery and principled Scot died at his home on Bond St, now one of Toronto's historic sites and museums."

Robert Anglin was a staunch 'Tory' and a great admirer of Sir John A. Macdonald, but shortly before an election, he and Sir John A. had a falling out and he declared that Sir John would not get his vote. On election day he asked his eldest son if he had voted. His son replied, "No, father, I am not going to the poll today, as I would be killing your vote." His father replied, "I'm not going to vote today, but I want you to go and vote and do all you can to have him elected." This difference may have been over the nuisance trial or other cases in which Sir John had undertaken to act for him and had then delegated it to an associate who lost. Robert's eldest grandson, Frederick Van Luven (1221), then in his teens, was very fond of his Grandfather and turned Liberal with him.

The second of the four brothers to arrive in Kingston was Samuel (13) who arrived in 1836 and went into the shoe-making business with his older brother Robert. The younger generations referred to him as 'Old Uncle Sam', to distinguish him from Uncle Sam (127), youngest son of Robert (12). He was the most Irish of the four brothers. His face, it used to be said, was the 'map of Ireland'. Yet he had personal charm, for he married a very cultured and distinguished woman, Cecilia Wright, born in Ireland in 1828, who was commonly said to be the 'image of Queen Victoria'.

Cecilia had a millinery shop on the east side of Wellington Street between Brock and Princess Streets, in a two-story limestone building which, until recently [1993], housed the Jackson Press printing business. The family lived upstairs over the store, and Bert (1244) well remembered, in 1894, sitting up all night in the front room with the casket in which the body of 'Old Uncle Sam' rested. By that time Sam and Cecilia's children had scattered, John to Toronto, Robert to Omaha, and Kate in Kingston. Kate, who had separated from her husband, was assisting her mother in the millinery business, and living with her children in the upstairs apartment. Later the business was closed and Kate and her children, Olive and Osborne, moved to the United States where Olive died.

Cecilia moved to Toronto to a room near Riverdale Park in order to be able to visit her son John, who had been a commercial traveller but who had become mentally ill. Bert and his wife, Nita, called on her at her apartment and entertained her at their Bowden Avenue home in Toronto and Bert visited John once in hospital prior to his death in 1912. Kate returned to Kingston for her mother's funeral in 1913. A letter of enquiry addressed to Osborne Swales at the address given for the 1957 family reunion was not answered, nor was it returned.

Maryann (14), who came to Canada with her brother Samuel in 1836, was twice married, first to Richard McClintock, by whom she may have had one child, and second to Robert Waterman in 1840, by whom she eventually had seven children. At some time around 1843 she and Robert settled in the United States, living in the Philadelphia area.

In late 2006 on-line US Census data from the decades from 1850 to 1890 show the McClintock/Waterman family living in Philadelphia County in Pennsylvania. However, inconsistencies in the ages given for Maryann in these successive 10-year reports make it difficult to determine her actual birth date, which, from other information available, has been recorded here as 1812. The 1850 reported ages of the McClintock children are 18, 16 and 12. If these ages are correct she could not have been the mother of the older two of these children because she did not come to Canada until 1836, after their births. She could possibly have been the mother of the youngest child, but not all three, assuming her marriage to McClintock took place after her arrival in Canada. However, the three McClintock children are all reported in the 1850 census as living in the Waterman household with her and Robert.

William Anglin (15) 1815 - 1899

William (15), the youngest of the four brothers, was born in 1815 in County Cork, Ireland and came to Kingston in 1843 where he joined his brothers Robert and Samuel in business. Following his marriage in 1847 to Mary Gardiner who had been born in County Durham, England, in 1817, they lived in a brick house on Clergy St in Kingston, adjacent to Queen St Methodist Church, (now Queen St United Church), until 1856. Two of Mary's sisters, Sarah and Elizabeth, married brothers Samuel and Arthur Chown, two of the Kingston Chowns whose name was long associated with the downtown Kingston hardware store.

Mary (Gardiner) Anglin 1817 - 1905

At that time, after the birth of their first son, William and Mary moved to one of a row of brick houses, called Wesley Row, on Johnson St opposite St Mary's Cathedral and the Roman Catholic Bishop's Palace. In 1865 the family then moved to 56 Earl St.

William Anglin and his wife Mary Gardiner with sons, William and his
wife Harriet Gould, and Vickers and his wife Clara Ives, with their families
(photo circa 1896)


Around 1870 William secured the contract for supplying cordwood as fuel for the mail boats -- steamers 'Passport', 'Spartan', 'Corsican', 'Corinthian', and 'Algerian' -- plying between Toronto and Montreal. These boats were later replaced by larger steamers, 'Toronto' and 'Kingston'. He had an iron-gray pony, called 'Fanny', a remarkably fast roadster. With her he made frequent trips down along the Rideau Canal and lakes purchasing the cordwood. He went along the Canal as far as Big Rideau Lake, and also along Lake Ontario to Hay Bay at Adolphustown. The cordwood was freighted up on scows and barges, and piled on the Long Wharf, later known as Swift's Wharf.

About the same time, 1870, Sir John A. Macdonald asked him to become the Bursar of Rockwood Hospital at Portsmouth, succeeding a Mr Drummond, who had recently died. He moved with his family to a cottage just west of the main building of the Hospital.

He retained the cordwood contract and purchased a powerful tug, 'Grenville', and two barges with which his son, William, continued to manage the contract.

William (21), the oldest son of Samuel (2), married Elizabeth Duke (sister of John Duke, who had married William's younger sister Mary Anne in 1834) in 1842 when they were both 34 years of age. In spite of their ages at marriage, William and Elizabeth managed to have six children in the next twelve years.

One of William's younger brothers, Samuel (25), married Elizabeth Jeffcott in 1845. He operated a successful business as a manufacturer and exporter of bacon.

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1. The original letter, dated October 16, 1841, from William (15) to Robert (12), is in the museum in Gananoque.

2. A copy, dated May 12, 1993, was sent to Bill Anglin by its author, Robert M. Sinclair, (127731).

3. pg 24, Kingston A Century Ago, Edwin E. Horsey, Kingston Historical Society, 1938.

4. The 1996 Canadian Encyclopedia Plus, McClelland & Stewart Inc., 1995 (CD-ROM version)

5. The Kingston Whig Standard, "My old stomping ground has changed - but it's still beautiful", by Julie Ewart, November 3, 2006.

6. The original letter, dated March 19, 1843, from Robert Waterman (14) from Philadelphia to his brother-in-law, Robert, is in the possession of Bill Anglin.

7. Quoted in the original Story Of The Kingston Anglins by R. W. Anglin (1244), August 3, 1959.

8. The original letter dated February 23, 1838, is in the possession of Bill Anglin.

9. The 1996 Canadian Enclyclopedia Plus, McClelland & Stewart Inc., 1995 (CD-ROM version)