What diseases were brought to Australia by the British?

The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

What did the British do to Australia?

British farming methods, like the use of wire fences, disrupted the traditional Australian way of life and led to further violence between British settlers and Aborigines. The introduction of sheep and rabbits devastated their environment, their food sources and hunting grounds.

How did the aboriginal people get diseases?

Some changes were caused by restricted access to traditional food – from land being fenced off, native animals being shot for sport, and the introduction of hoofed animals such as sheep (which trampled and destroyed native plants that had served as staple foodstuffs).

Did aboriginals have diseases before Colonisation?

Aboriginal people had never experienced smallpox and had no immunity against the disease. As a result smallpox spread rapidly though communities as far away as the Murray and Darling River areas.

IMPORTANT:  Who owns UK real estate?

How many natives died from European disease Australia?

After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.

Why did Britain invade Australia?

The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.

When did Britain invade Australia?

Britain’s first contact with Australia came with Captain Cook’s voyage in the ship Endeavour. He landed in Australia in 1770 and claimed it as a British territory. The process of colonisation began in 1788.

What diseases did Europeans bring to Australia?

Then, in 1788, the first permanent settlers from Europe arrived in New South Wales. These people brought with them all the infectious diseases com- mon in Europe at that time, including measles, influenza, smallpox, diph- theria, pertussis, typhoid, syphilis, gonorrhoea and tuberculosis (Gandevia 1978; Curson 1985).

How did the British affect the indigenous peoples of Australia?

British explorers unknowingly exposed Australia’s Indigenous people to many varieties of disease, such as smallpox, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, whooping cough and the common cold. In 1789, a year after the First Fleet arrived, a smallpox outbreak killed many of the Indigenous people that lived in the Sydney area.

What are three 3 diseases that have negatively impacted indigenous Australians as a result of White Settlement?

Effect on Aboriginal people

IMPORTANT:  Will I need a passport for Ireland after Brexit?

The spread of smallpox was followed by influenza, measles, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases, all of which Australia’s Aboriginal people had no resistance to, and all of which brought widespread death.

What diseases did the British bring to New Zealand?

Smallpox and plague were quickly contained on the rare occasions they were identified. However significant diseases were brought, including venereal infections, measles, influenza, typhoid fever (enteric fever), dysentery and tuberculosis.

Who lived in Australia before the Aboriginal?

The islands were settled by different seafaring Melanesian cultures such as the Torres Strait Islanders over 2500 years ago, and cultural interactions continued via this route with the Aboriginal people of northeast Australia.

What did the English do to the Aboriginal?

The English settlers and their descendants expropriated native land and removed the indigenous people by cutting them from their food resources, and engaged in genocidal massacres.

How did aboriginals get to Australia?

Aboriginal origins

Humans are thought to have migrated to Northern Australia from Asia using primitive boats. A current theory holds that those early migrants themselves came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, which would make Aboriginal Australians the oldest population of humans living outside Africa.

How did Australia treat Aboriginal?

Many Australians may not realise it, but Aboriginal people were segregated from other non-Aboriginal people until the 1960s — just over 50 years ago. Theatres and hospitals had sections roped off for Aboriginal people, they were often refused drinks in hotels, and schools could refuse to educate their children.