In 1666, a devastating fire swept through London, destroying 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, The Royal Exchange, Guildhall and St. Paul’s Cathedral.
What were the main events of the Great Fire of London?
It began on 2 September 1666 and lasted just under five days. One-third of London was destroyed and about 100,000 people were made homeless. The fire started at 1am on Sunday morning in Thomas Farriner’s bakery on Pudding Lane. It may have been caused by a spark from his oven falling onto a pile of fuel nearby.
Who was blamed for the Great Fire of London?
French watchmaker Robert Hubert confessed to starting the blaze and was hanged on October 27, 1666. Years later it was revealed he was at sea when the fire began, and could not have been responsible. There were other scapegoats, including people of Catholic faith and from overseas.
What happened to London as a result of the Great Fire?
The street layout mostly remained the same, and within 10 years the area ravaged by fire had been rebuilt, bringing new architecture to the old city quickly and on a large scale. In all, Wren oversaw the rebuilding of 52 churches, 36 company halls, and the memorial to the great fire, Monument.
Why was the Great Fire of London important?
Although the Great Fire was a catastrophe, it did cleanse the city. The overcrowded and disease ridden streets were destroyed and a new London emerged. A monument was erected in Pudding Lane on the spot where the fire began and can be seen today, where it is a reminder of those terrible days in September 1666.
What happened on Day 2 of the Great Fire of London?
2.00 p.m. – the approximate time that the Royal Exchange, centre of commercial and financial activities in London, caught fire. 3,000 – the number of merchants displaced when the Royal Exchange burnt down. … owners shove as much of their goods as they can towards the gates.
How did the fire of London end?
On September 5, the fire slackened, and on September 6 it was brought under control. That evening, flames again burst forth in the Temple (the legal district), but the explosion of buildings with gunpowder extinguished the flames.
Was Great Fire of London an accident?
The rumors spread faster than the blaze that engulfed London over five days in September 1666: that the fire raging through the city’s dense heart was no accident – it was deliberate arson, an act of terror, the start of a battle.
Did Robert Hubert start the Great Fire London?
Hubert gave a false confession that he started the Great Fire by throwing a fireball through the window of Pudding Lane. He was subsequently hung. Described as being “not well in mind” and afflicted by a palsy to his leg and arm, it is widely accepted that he was, however, innocent.
What happened to Robert Hubert?
Hubert was hanged at Tyburn, London, on 27 October 1666. As his body was being handed to the Company of Barber-Surgeons for dissection, it was torn apart by a crowd of Londoners. It was hoped that with Hubert’s death, “the talk of plots and conspiracies might die with him”.
How did the Great Fire of London changed history?
As a result of the Great Fire, 80% of the city was destroyed. As were over 13,200 houses, 87 churches, the Royal Exchange, Newgate Prison, Bridewell Palace and Europe’s third largest cathedral. The conflagration left up to 80,000 Londoners homeless, almost a fifth of the city’s population at the time.
How has London changed since the Great Fire ks1?
The new London was cleaner and healthier. Architects began to plan the new city. There were 9000 homes to be rebuilt! They couldn’t change the whole city because people who owned the buildings that had been destroyed by fire wanted to build new buildings in exactly the same places.
How London changed after the Great Fire ks1?
Much of the city was redesigned by Sir Christopher Wren, who rebuilt St Paul’s with a dome instead of a steeple. Wren also designed The Monument to The Great Fire of London, which was built close to Pudding Lane to commemorate The Fire and to celebrate the rebuilding of the city.
When did St Paul’s Cathedral burned down?
In the 1660s, the English architect Sir Christopher Wren was enlisted to repair the cathedral, but the Great Fire of London intervened, destroying Old St. Paul’s Cathedral in 1666.
How is the Great Fire of London remembered today?
People whose homes had burned down lived in tents in the fields around London while buildings were rebuilt. … Sir Christopher Wren designed a monument to remember the Great Fire of London, which still stands today.
What was rebuilt after the Great Fire of London?
Design for rebuilding London after the Fire of London by Christopher Wren. Wren’s plan to rebuild, never adopted, included long, wide streets, a canal for the Fleet river, piazzas and squares. … The winding streets of the medieval city were restored in the rebuilt London.