What languages does English borrow from?

Ranking from most influential to least, English is composed of words from: Latin, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Scandinavian, Japanese, Arabic, Portuguese, Sanskrit, Russian, Maori, Hindi, Hebrew, Persian, Malay, Urdu, Irish, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Chinese, Turkish, Norwegian, Zulu, and Swahili.

What language does English borrow from the most?

Here is a list of the most common foreign language influences in English, where other languages have influenced or contributed words to English.

  • Dutch.
  • Spanish.
  • Italian.
  • Indian languages.
  • German.
  • Old Norse.
  • Hebrew and Yiddish.
  • Arabic.

What words does English borrow from other languages?

Something Borrowed – English Words with Foreign Origins

  • Anonymous (Greek)
  • Loot (Hindi)
  • Guru (Sanskrit)
  • Safari (Arabic)
  • Cigar (Spanish)
  • Cartoon (Italian)
  • Wanderlust (German)
  • Cookie (Dutch)

Is English a mix of German and French?

English has its roots in the Germanic languages, from which German and Dutch also developed, as well as having many influences from romance languages such as French. (Romance languages are so called because they are derived from Latin which was the language spoken in ancient Rome.)

Is English more French or German?

By linguist criteria English is more similar to German, both belong in the West Germanic languages and its vocabulary has been influenced by other Germanic languages as well.

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Why does English borrow so many words?

Borrowing and lending of words happens because of cultural contact between two communities that speak different languages. Often, the dominant culture (or the culture perceived to have more prestige) lends more words than it borrows, so the process of exchange is usually asymmetrical.

Why did English borrow words from French?

The Norman Conquest of 1066 was a key event that led to French words being used in England. … Under Norman rule, Anglo-Norman French began to influence the language of administration, law and culture in England, and hence making its mark on the English language.

How much of English comes from Latin?

About 80 percent of the entries in any English dictionary are borrowed, mainly from Latin. Over 60 percent of all English words have Greek or Latin roots. In the vocabulary of the sciences and technology, the figure rises to over 90 percent.

Is English more Latin or Germanic?

In 2016, English vocabulary is 26% Germanic, 29% French, 29% Latin, 6% from Greek and the remaining 10% from other languages and proper names. All together, French and Latin (both Romance languages) account for 58% of the vocabulary used in today’s English.

Is English a Creole?

Senior Member. English is not a creole. A creole is a pidgin language which has become a mother tongue. A pidgin is a grammatically simplified form of a language with elements taken from local languages, used for communication between people not sharing a common language.

Is English really Germanic?

Linguists use many factors, such as grammar, phonology, and vocabulary, to determine the historical ancestry of modern languages. The overall composition of English reveals strong Germanic roots. It’s official: English is a proud member of the West Germanic language family!

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Is English a hybrid language?

The most intuitive way that languages mix is on the level of words. … English is a language of mixed origins in terms of its vocabulary. A search in the dictionary reveals many of our words were borrowed from Latin, French, Dutch, or Greek; it’s almost unexpected if a word can be traced back to Old English.

Is Dutch like English?

With the exception of Frisian, Dutch is linguistically the closest language to English, with both languages being part of the West Germanic linguistic family. These means many Dutch words are cognates with English (meaning they share the same linguistic roots), giving them similar spelling and pronunciation.

How close is Spanish to English?

Because of this, there are still quite a few similarities between modern Spanish and modern English today, and according to the Foreign Service Institute, Spanish is one of the most closely related languages to English.