The British Empire is a term used to describe all the places around the world that were once ruled by Britain. Built over many years, it grew to include large areas of North America, Australia, New Zealand, Asia and Africa, as well as small parts of Central and South America, too.
What countries were in the British Empire?
The British Empire. When Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837, Britain already governed Canada, large areas of India, Australia, and New Zealand, and small parts of South America and Africa. Together, these countries formed the British Empire.
What was special about the British Empire?
The British empire brought many changes to many people and many countries. Some of these changes involved innovations in medical care, education and railways. The British empire fought to abolish slavery in the 1800s, but it profited from slavery in the 1700s.
How many countries were controlled by the British Empire?
The British Empire stretched into each part of the world. Territories were held across the continents. There remain 14 British Territories Overseas.
Who did the British Empire colonize?
By 1670 there were British American colonies in New England, Virginia, and Maryland and settlements in the Bermudas, Honduras, Antigua, Barbados, and Nova Scotia. Jamaica was obtained by conquest in 1655, and the Hudson’s Bay Company established itself in what became northwestern Canada from the 1670s on.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Is the British still an Empire?
Collectively, these territories are referred to as the British Empire. … There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Many of the former territories of the British Empire are members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
What made the British empire so powerful?
There is no doubt that Britain was powerful. It used its wealth, its armies and its navy to defeat rival European countries and to conquer local peoples to establish its empire. … In most of the empire Britain relied heavily on local people to make it work.
How did British Empire get so big?
In the 16th Century, Britain began to build its empire – spreading the country’s rule and power beyond its borders through a process called ‘imperialism’. This brought huge changes to societies, industries, cultures and the lives of people all around the world.
What good things has Britain done?
Let’s take a look at our top 7 world-changing British inventions.
- Time. Bear with us. …
- The Steam Engine. The invention of train travel broadened the world’s horizons, speeding up industry and commerce and cheapening the cost of international trade. …
- The Electric Motor. …
- The World Wide Web.
What was the biggest Empire in history?
Empires at their greatest extent
|Empire||Maximum land area|
|Mongol Empire||24.0||1270 or 1309|
Why is Australia still under British rule?
Australia is a constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Sovereign. As a constitutional monarch, The Queen, by convention, is not involved in the day-to-day business of the Australian Government, but she continues to play important ceremonial and symbolic roles. The Queen’s relationship to Australia is unique.
Did the British rule China?
Although British imperialism never politically took hold in mainland China, as it did in India or Africa, its cultural and political legacy is still evident today. Honk Kong remains a significant center of global finance and its government still functioned in much of the same ways as it did under British colonialism.
Why did Britain build an empire?
Britain had many reasons to want an empire. Economically, the rich natural resources available in Africa, Asia and the Pacific earned the country a lot of money as goods were imported and exported. Politically, it made Britain a very powerful country and allowed the spread of their influence across the world.
What was life like in the British Empire?
The range of people living in the Empire ranged from those among the richest on the planet to those among the poorest It incorporated those who ruled from palaces down to those forced into Slavery. For life on the Slave Plantations please see the pages on Plantations and the Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Why was the British Empire important?
In the 19th and early 20th century, some historians argued that the empire was the deserved result of Britain’s technical and moral superiority. They argued that British rule established formal systems of government, law and education as well as the development of infrastructure, like railways.