Average temperatures in UK are warmer at lower latitudes and colder at higher latitudes. They are also warmer at lower altitudes and colder at higher altitudes. Average yearly temperatures at low altitude vary from 7°C in Shetland, in northern Scotland, to 11°C on the south-west coast of England.
How does the weather vary in the UK?
The UK has a temperate climate. In general, this means that Britain gets cool, wet winters and warm, wet summers. This region is characterised by a warm and dry climate in the summer and a cold and dry climate in the winter. …
What factors affect temperatures in the UK?
What factors affect the temperature?
- Prevailing winds .
- Latitude .
- Altitude .
- Distance from the sea.
- Ocean currents .
How does the weather vary between places?
When a location is closer to the Sun, its days are longer, and the Sun’s rays are stronger and more direct. When our hemisphere is tipped toward the Sun, we experience warmer weather and longer days.
Why is London warmer than the rest of the UK?
London is experiencing hotter and drier summers that are further impacted by the Urban Heat Island effect (UHI). The UHI can cause London to be up to 10’C warmer than neighbouring rural areas. This is a result of the sun’s rays being absorbed by hard surfaces rather than by vegetation such as trees, plants and grass.
How hot does it get in the UK?
Although UK weather is unpredictable, it is rarely extreme. In summer, the average temperature ranges from 9–18 degrees Celsius (48–64 degrees Fahrenheit). On occasion, it can reach around 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in a heatwave.
Why is the UK’s weather so variable?
The weather of the UK is very changeable because it is affected by a number of different air masses. Britain is under an area where five main air masses meet. An air mass is a large body of air that has similar temperature and moisture properties throughout.
What affects the temperature?
The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.
What are the 4 factors that affect temperature?
Factors Influencing Temperature (With Diagram) | Geography
- Factor # 1. Latitude:
- Factor # 2. Altitude:
- Factor # 3. Continentality:
- Factor # 4. Ocean Currents and Winds:
- Factor # 5. Slope, Shelter and Aspect:
- Factor # 6. Natural Vegetation and Soil:
Is the UK low latitude?
Climate Changes with Latitude. Places located at high latitudes (far from the equator) receive less sunlight than places at low latitudes (close to the equator). … The UK is located at 50 degree north. The controls the amount and intensity of energy we receive from the sun.
Why does temperature vary in different places?
There are differences in climate around the world because of differing amounts of radiation received from the Sun at different parts of the Earth at different times of the year. More heat from the Sun is received near the equator than near the north and south poles where the angle of the Sun’s rays is lower.
Why are temperatures different?
The temperature of the air is caused by the combination of air, water, and land working together. Those three factors heat and cool areas at different rates. Temperature also varies by the time of day, the season, or even the year. When weather people talk about temperature, they are talking about a mean temperature.
How do temperature and precipitation vary from place to place and season to season?
1)the distance from sea and direction of winds. 2)Also the temperature belts as warm air can gold more water vapour and vice – versa ,thus places having higher temperatures receive rainfall and vice -versa.
Why is the UK so mild?
The British Isles undergo very small temperature variations. This is due to its proximity to the Atlantic, which acts as a temperature buffer, warming the Isles in winter and cooling them in summer. Coastal areas tend to be more temperate than inland areas, as the influence of the ocean is less acute.
Where is the warmest place to live in UK?
Hottest Places in the UK. The Isles of Scilly have the highest mean annual temperature in the UK of 11.5 degrees Celsius (52.7 degrees Fahrenheit). Not far behind are coastal parts of Cornwall, where many low-elevation sites average above 11 °C (52 °F).
Why is the UK so hot?
Much of the UK’s hot weather comes from the jet stream, which is a narrow band of high speed winds. … The warm air that’s being brought up to us is originating in northern Africa, and this week the winds will change and bring it through Europe and up to us from France, meaning the air we’re getting is exceptionally hot.