The ‘Black Death’, or Bubonic plague, raged in Ireland from 1348 to 1350, and it is likely that between a quarter and a third of the population died during the first outbreak, according to Joseph Robins (1995) in his invaluable book, The Miasma: Epidemic and Panic in Nineteenth Century Ireland.
Did the plague spread to Ireland?
1348-1349: Black Death
The Black Death first arrived in Ireland visa ships landing on the east coast in July 1348. Today we know it as the bubonic plague and it was spread by fleas on rats. Before long, the epidemic was raging in Dublin, Drogheda, and Dundalk. By fall, the plague had spread inland in Co.
How many died in Ireland from the plague?
This was a rampant disease that tore through the streets of this city as well as cities all across Europe, the plague, or Black Death as it came to be known, claimed the lives of as many as 14,000 people in Ireland before it eventually disappeared.
What country was not affected by the Black Plague?
Finally it spread to north-eastern Russia in 1351; however, the plague largely spared some parts of Europe, including the Kingdom of Poland, isolated parts of Belgium and the Netherlands, Milan and the modern-day France-Spain border.
What countries were affected by the Black Plague?
From Kaffa, Genoese ships carried the epidemic westward to Mediterranean ports, whence it spread inland, affecting Sicily (1347); North Africa, mainland Italy, Spain, and France (1348); and Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Germany, and the Low Countries (1349).
What bad things have happened to Ireland?
Any one of the worst things that has happened to Ireland historically would be considered a major tragedy in most other countries. The country’s past includes imperial takeovers, economic collapse, and population diaspora – a complex history that movies don’t always get right.
What were the 3 main diseases which killed people in Ireland?
Famine can be defined as a failure of food production or distribution, resulting in dramatically increased mortality. In Ireland between 1845 and 1849, general starvation and disease were responsible for more than 1,000,000 excess deaths, most of them attributable to fever, dysentery and smallpox.
What was the yellow plague in Ireland?
It was considered by later sources as “The Yellow Plague of 664” and said to have lasted for twenty or twenty-five years, causing widespread mortality, social disruption and abandonment of religious faith. The disease responsible was probably Plague – part of the First Plague Pandemic – or else smallpox.
What was the black fever in Ireland?
Typhus is caused by microscopic organisms, now known as Rickettsia. Rickettsia attack the small blood vessels especially those of the brain and skin. The circulation of the blood is impeded, the face swells and the skin turns a dark congested hue, which has given it its Irish name “Flabhras Dubh” (Black Fever).
When was Dublin founded by the Vikings?
The Vikings settled in Dublin from 841 AD onwards. During their reign Dublin became the most important town in Ireland as well as a hub for the western Viking expansion and trade. It is in fact one of the best known Viking settlements. Dublin appears to have been founded twice by the Vikings.
How did the plague reach Europe?
The plague arrived in Europe in October 1347, when 12 ships from the Black Sea docked at the Sicilian port of Messina. People gathered on the docks were met with a horrifying surprise: Most sailors aboard the ships were dead, and those still alive were gravely ill and covered in black boils that oozed blood and pus.
How did Europe get rid of the plague?
The most popular theory of how the plague ended is through the implementation of quarantines. The uninfected would typically remain in their homes and only leave when it was necessary, while those who could afford to do so would leave the more densely populated areas and live in greater isolation.
Why did Poland not get the plague?
One main reason why Poland escaped relatively unscathed, was the decision by Poland’s king, Casimir the Great, to close the country’s borders – and set up internal quarantines. … Isolation plus quarantine certainly helped spare Poland from the worst of the epidemic.
What areas of Europe were most affected by the Black Death?
1348 Europe suffered the most. By the end of 1348, Germany, France, England, Italy, and the low countries had all felt the plague. Norway was infected in 1349, and Eastern European countries began to fall victim during the early 1350s.
Did people survive the Black Plague?
In the first outbreak, two thirds of the population contracted the illness and most patients died; in the next, half the population became ill but only some died; by the third, a tenth were affected and many survived; while by the fourth occurrence, only one in twenty people were sickened and most of them survived.
Is the Black Plague still around?
Bubonic plague may seem like a part of the past, but it still exists today in the world and in rural areas of the U.S. The best way to prevent getting plague is to avoid the fleas that live on rodents such as rats, mice and squirrels.