What did the British Empire do for the world?

The British empire brought many changes to many people and many countries. Some of these changes involved innovations in medical care, education and railways. The British empire fought to abolish slavery in the 1800s, but it profited from slavery in the 1700s.

What was the British empire and how did it influence the world?

At its height it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913 the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23 per cent of the world population at the time, and by 1920 it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24 percent of the Earth’s total land area.

Why was the British empire important?

In the 19th and early 20th century, some historians argued that the empire was the deserved result of Britain’s technical and moral superiority. They argued that British rule established formal systems of government, law and education as well as the development of infrastructure, like railways.

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How has Britain changed the world?

As with other great imperial constructs, the British empire involved vast movements of peoples: armies were switched from one part of the world to another; settlers changed continents and hemispheres; prisoners were sent from country to country; indigenous inhabitants were corralled, driven away into oblivion, or …

Who benefited from the British empire?

Those who benefited can be divided into four groups in order of their share: Shareholders and investors of ventures in the colonies. Colonial administrators working in the Colonies. Residents of the great British port cities and manufacturing towns.

Why was the British Empire so successful?

With land, with trade, with goods, and with literal human resources, the British Empire could grab more and more power. … Profitability was key to British expansion, and the age of exploration brought wonderous and addictive delights to the British Empire.

Did the British Empire have a good impact?

The Empire brought blood and suffering to millions, but it also brought railways, roads and education. For good or ill, much of the world is the way it is today because of the Empire, from the way it looks, to the sports people play, from the religion we practise, to the language we speak.

Why did British empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

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What was the biggest empire in history?

Empires at their greatest extent

Empire Maximum land area
Million km2 Year
British Empire 35.5 1920
Mongol Empire 24.0 1270 or 1309
Russian Empire 22.8 1895

Why was England so powerful?

There is no doubt that Britain was powerful. It used its wealth, its armies and its navy to defeat rival European countries and to conquer local peoples to establish its empire. … In most of the empire Britain relied heavily on local people to make it work.

Did England create the modern world?

Whether it was railroads in Britain, France, India, the United States, Argentina or dozens of other countries and colonies, Britain provided the capital to build the railroads which modernized the world. Britain also invested in banks, utilities, mining and other industries essential to the modern economy.

How did British empire get so big?

In the 16th Century, Britain began to build its empire – spreading the country’s rule and power beyond its borders through a process called ‘imperialism’. This brought huge changes to societies, industries, cultures and the lives of people all around the world.

What impact did the British empire have on Britain?

The British Empire grew the British economy, it traded their goods and all profits were sent to Britain. At first, they learnt the Indian language, wore Indian clothes, and were part of the community. but were always kept suppressed, never given well paid jobs and failed to help in times of famine.

How did British take India?

The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.

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