What is the Phantom in England in 1819?

The king Shelley refers to in his poem is George III. In 1819, he was eighty-one years old, insane, blind, and deaf. … Shelley was convinced that revolution was going to break out in England, “a glorious Phantom” that would “illumine our tempestuous day.”

What was going on in England in 1819?

16 August – Peterloo Massacre in St. Peter’s Field, Manchester: a cavalry charge into a crowd of radical protesters results in eleven deaths and over 400 injuries. 19 September – Keats writes his ode “To Autumn” at Winchester.

What does a leech represent in England in 1819?

The sonnet describes a very forlorn reality. … The “leech-like” nobility (“princes”) metaphorically suck the blood from the people, who are, in the sonnet, oppressed, hungry, and hopeless, their fields untilled.

What is the message of the poem England in 1819?

Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “England in 1819” is an expression of political anger and hope. First sent as an untitled addition to a private letter, the sonnet vents Shelley’s outrage at the crises plaguing his home country during one of the most chaotic years of its history.

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Why is the King George 3 despised England in 1819?

Ans.: King George III had grown old, weak and crazy. He has no quality of a King. He has despised by everyone because he was blind to reality of wretched political and economic condition of England.

What major events happened in 1819?


  • January 2 – The Panic of 1819, the first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States, begins.
  • January 25 – Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia.
  • January 29 – Sir Stamford Raffles lands on the island of Singapore.
  • February 2 – Dartmouth College v.

Who reigned England in 1819?

1820-1830) George IV was 48 when he became Regent in 1811, as a result of the illness of his father, George III. He succeeded to the throne in January 1820.

What does this line mean Princess the dregs of their dull race?

Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow. It is expressed in the poem that the England rulers, the king and his princes, is called by the speaker of the poem as —the dregs of their dull race“. This expression means that the king and the princes are a group full of dull people that are ruling the kingdom.

What is the meaning of a people starved and stabbed in the untilled field?

A people starved and stabbed in th’ untilled field; In the next lines, the speaker describes the princes and all those or royal blood as “leechlike”. This simile compares them to creatures, far from human, who feed off of others. In this case, they are feeding off society—those they are supposed to protect.

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What does mud from a muddy spring mean?

Shelley opens “England in 1819” by deriding King George III as “old, mad, blind, despised, and dying.” He disparages the royal line as “mud from a muddy spring” and compares the nobility to leeches on an already overburdened, fainting country. He says people are starved and brutalized in untilled fields.

Why England is a fainting country?

Rulers like the two Georges are ‘leechlike’ in that, like a blood-sucking leech (used in the old days of medicine to suck ‘bad blood’ from the patient), they ‘cling’ to ‘their fainting country’: the country is ‘fainting’ because of the blood it’s had leeched out of it by the parasitical ruler, of course, but it’s a …

Who flow through public scorn?

An old, mad, blind, despised, and dying king,— Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow Through public scorn,—mud from a muddy spring,— Rulers who neither see, nor feel, nor know, But leech-like to their fainting country cling, Till they drop, blind in blood, without a blow,— A people starved and stabbed in the …