Over time, the empire expanded beyond India’s frontiers – to the west, into the Arabian/Persian Gulf and a swathe of territories across East Africa; to the east, into Burma, Malaya, North Borneo, the Straits Settlements, Hong Kong, treaty ports in China – notably Shanghai – and, eventually, a naval base at Wei-hei-Wei …
Where did the British Empire extend to?
It covered around 25% of the world’s land surface. Large areas of North America, Australia, Africa and Asia were all part of the British empire at one time or other. Other areas, especially in South America, were closely linked to the British empire by trade.
How far did the British Empire expand?
By 1913 the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23 per cent of the world population at the time, and by 1920 it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24 percent of the Earth’s total land area.
Which continents did the British Empire expand to?
The British Empire had colonies on Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America and Australia.
What countries did the British Empire take over?
The British Empire. When Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837, Britain already governed Canada, large areas of India, Australia, and New Zealand, and small parts of South America and Africa. Together, these countries formed the British Empire.
Where did England colonize in the New World?
After unsuccessful attempts to establish settlements in Newfoundland and at Roanoke, the famous “Lost Colony,” off the coast of present-day North Carolina, England established its first permanent North American settlement, Jamestown, in 1607.
Which is the biggest empire in history?
1) The British Empire was the largest empire the world has ever seen. The British Empire covered 13.01 million square miles of land – more than 22% of the earth’s landmass. The empire had 458 million people in 1938 — more than 20% of the world’s population.
Why did Britain expand its empire?
With land, with trade, with goods, and with literal human resources, the British Empire could grab more and more power. Profitability was key to British expansion, and the age of exploration brought wonderous and addictive delights to the British Empire.
How did England expand?
Great Britain made its first tentative efforts to establish overseas settlements in the 16th century. Maritime expansion, driven by commercial ambitions and by competition with France, accelerated in the 17th century and resulted in the establishment of settlements in North America and the West Indies.
What drove the expansion of the British Empire?
Trade and wealth may have been a constant motivation for empire but other reasons such as the moral dimension, migration, strategic interest and geopolitics all played a part in the expansion of the empire at different times. … A constant theme of the British Empire is that it was empire on the cheap.
Where did the British Empire control an empire continent?
25 Cards in this Set
|1) Where did the British empire control an entire continent||Australia|
|2) Which continent had the greatest number of British colonist||Africa|
|3) On which continent did British control the smallest land area||South America|
|4) What was the goal of direct control||assimilation|
When did British gain independence?
The Declaration of Independence, 1776.
Was Greece a British colony?
The island was annexed by Britain in 1914, after the Ottoman Empire entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers, and became a crown colony in 1925.
How did Queen Victoria expand the British Empire?
Queen Victoria presided over a time of industrial expansion, educational advances, the abolition of slavery and workers’ welfare. She reigned from 1837-1901. Queen Victoria was the matriarch of the British Empire. She epitomised the values of the era and carved out a new role for the monarchy.
Did the British rule China?
Although British imperialism never politically took hold in mainland China, as it did in India or Africa, its cultural and political legacy is still evident today. Honk Kong remains a significant center of global finance and its government still functioned in much of the same ways as it did under British colonialism.
Which country is still under British rule?
Territories formerly administered by the British Colonial Service that have gained independence
|Country||Pre-Independence name (if different)||Year of Independence|
|Grenada||Grenada, Windward Islands||1974|
|Hong Kong||became Special Administrative Region of China||1997|