The adder is Britain’s only venomous snake, but its poison is generally of little danger to humans: an adder bite can be very painful and cause a nasty inflammation, but despite stories is really only dangerous to the very young, ill or old.
Is there poisonous snakes in Scotland?
Our only native snake is Scotland’s sole venomous reptile. But the adder is a timid creature and unlikely to bite unless threatened. An adder’s preferred defence is to hide in the undergrowth. … Most bites happen when people try to handle adders.
What happens if you get bitten by an adder?
Effects may include: shock; severe pain at the location of the bite; swelling, redness and bruising at the location of the bite; nausea and vomiting; diarrhoea; itchy lumps on the skin; swelling of the lips, tongue, gums and throat; breathing difficulties; mental confusion, dizziness or fainting; irregular heartbeat.
Where are adders in Scotland?
According to the Scottish Wildlife Trust, adders, which are a protected species, are relatively small, stocky snakes and prefer woodland, heathland and moorland habitat. They normally hibernate from October to March, and during the warmer months they can be spotted basking in the sun on a log or under a rock.
How big are adders in Scotland?
Males will grow up to 60cm long while females can grow as long as 75cm. Adders in Scotland hibernate in Scotland between October and March.
Are adders rare in Scotland?
Susan Davies, Director of Conservation, Scottish Wildlife Trust added: “Adders are Scotland’s only native snake and they are relatively elusive. “They are more active in warmer weather and can sometimes be found basking in hotspots or sheltering in long vegetation.
Where are adders most common in UK?
In Britain the Adder has a rather patchy distribution. It is more numerous in southern England than the north, is not common in the Midlands but is fairly numerous in west Wales and southwest England. It is widespread in Scotland but is absent from the Outer Hebrides, the Central Lowlands and the Northern Isles.
What to do if a snake chases you?
- Try not to panic. Staying calm can help you make the right decisions and help you to stay safe.
- Don’t make any sudden movements in the direction of the snake. Just remain calm, and try not to startle the animal.
- Remember that the snake was not out looking for you.
Are adders poisonous UK?
Types of UK snake
The adder is the only venomous snake, but you should get all snake bites checked as soon as possible. Telling the doctors the colour and pattern of the snake that bit you could help them treat it.
What to do if you see an adder?
Remove jewellery/watches from the bitten limb and loosen clothing if possible. Seek immediate medical attention by dialling 999. Avoid using a tourniquet or trying to suck out the venom as this may make the situation worse.
Do you get grass snakes in Scotland?
Grass snake (Natrix natrix)
They are found throughout England and Wales, but not Scotland. They live close to water as they feed on amphibians and fish, so you might find them near garden ponds. Don’t worry though – grass snakes aren’t venomous and are very shy.
How do I identify an adder snake?
Identification. The adder is easily recognised by a dark, continuous ‘zig-zag’ stripe along its back. There is also a row of dark spots along each side. The background colour varies from grey-white in the male to shades of brown or copper in the female.
Do grass snakes bite?
Predators include badgers, red foxes, domestic cats, hedgehogs and a number of birds; when caught, grass snakes hiss and release a foul-smelling substance from their anal gland. Although they may also strike with the head, they do not bite and are harmless to humans.
Where do you find adder snakes in Scotland?
Adders are relatively small, stocky snakes which prefer woodland, heathland and moorland habitat.
How common are snakes in Scotland?
Angie Julian says there are only two snakes people are likely to see in Scotland. The non-venomous grass snake is very rare but has been found in Dumfriesshire, and the adder.
How poisonous is the adder snake?
The adder is the UK’s only venomous snake, but its poison is generally of little danger to humans: an adder bite can be painful and cause a inflammation, but is really only dangerous to the very young, ill or old. If bitten, medical attention should be sought immediately, however.