Beyond the health problems related to opium addiction, the increasing opium trade with the Western powers meant that for the first time, China imported more goods than it exported. Settling this financial problem eventually led to the First Opium War between Great Britain and China, from 1839 to 1842.
What did the British bring to China?
The primary motive of British imperialism in China in the nineteenth century was economic. There was a high demand for Chinese tea, silk and porcelain in the British market.
What does Britain import to China that causes a war?
The Opium Wars arose from China’s attempts to suppress the opium trade. Foreign traders (primarily British) had been illegally exporting opium mainly from India to China since the 18th century, but that trade grew dramatically from about 1820.
What was Britain bringing to China and why was it so devastating?
The British used the profits from the sale of opium to purchase such Chinese luxury goods as porcelain, silk, and tea, which were in great demand in the West, while addiction to opium became widespread in China, leading to social and economic problems there.
What did Britain get from China according to the Treaty of Nanjing?
In the Treaty of Nanjing that ended the First Opium War in 1842, Britain made China pay a huge indemnity (payment for losses in the war). Britain also gained Hong Kong; The Treaty of Nanjing is the treaty which marked the end of the First Opium War and would have a lasting effect on East -West relations.
When did the British leave China?
Handover. On July 1, 1997, the lease ended and the government of Great Britain transferred control of British Hong Kong and the surrounding territories to the People’s Republic of China.
What products did Britain continue exporting?
So after China banned it, Britain continued to smuggle opium into China to get access to these very desirable goods that were being made in China to export them out to Great Britain and the empire. This caused conflict and eventually the Opium Wars.
What did Britain do to correct its balance of trade with China?
Britain sought to correct its balance of trade with China through the illegal importation of opium in the 1800s.
Why was Britain eager to have China buy products from Western countries as well as sell products to them?
Why was Britain eager to have China buy products from western countries as well as sell products to them? Britain faced a trade deficit with China because they bought more from China than they sold to China. Britain needed to expand its markets to sell more goods. … Compare and Contrast China and Japan during the 1800s.
Why did tensions develop between Great Britain and China in the mid 19th century?
Why did tensions develop between Great Britain and China in the mid-19th century? Chinese traders refused to pay fair prices for British manufactured goods. British traders refused to stop breaking Chinese laws against selling opium.
What were the major provisions of the Treaty of Nanjing?
Under the Treaty of Nanking, signed on August 29, 1842, China agreed to open the five ports requested (Canton, Amoy, Foochow, Ningpo, and Shanghai), pay an indemnity of 20 million silver dollars, abolish the Cohong monopoly that hitherto had controlled trade in and through Canton, and adhere to a fixed schedule of …
What was the Treaty of Nanjing quizlet?
Treaty between China and Britain following the Opium War; it called for indemnities, the opening of new ports, and the cession of Hong Kong to the British.
What were the five demands of the Treaty of Nanjing?
The Treaty of Nanjing
- Repay the British for the opium the government had destroyed.
- Give Great Britain the city of Hong Kong.
- Open five ports where the British could both trade and live.
- Place a very low tariff on all British goods.