Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, was a French noble who came to England in the 1230s and received lands from King Henry III who was around the same age. Simon controversially married the king’s sister at a time when marriages of the aristocracy were strictly controlled by the king.
When did Simon de Montfort arrive in England?
Simon came to England in 1229 and, helped by his cousin Ranulf, earl of Chester, the tenant of the confiscated estates, obtained the honour of Leicester and did homage to Henry III in 1231, though he was not formally styled earl of Leicester until April 1239.
What did Simon de Montfort do to Henry III?
In 1264 civil war broke out. Simon de Montfort led the rebellion against King Henry III during the Second Barons’ War and subsequently became de facto ruler of England following success at the Battle of Lewes. During his rule he called two famous parliaments.
Who defeated Simon de Montfort?
05 Sep 2019. In the spring of 1264, a long simmering feud between King Henry III and his brother-in-law Simon de Montfort erupted in open warfare. Simon’s eventual victory at the battle of Lewes allowed him to install the first ever constitutional monarchy in England.
Which king did Simon de Montfort capture?
Simon and King Henry fell out, and on 14 May 1264 Simon defeated and captured the king in battle. Simon struggled to rule England without Henry’s support, and the following year he was defeated and killed in battle by Prince Edward (the king’s son).